The Juilliard School Summer Program
Arcadian’s Acceptance for Admission – Here’s a little about the School :
The Juilliard School, located at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City, United States, is a performing arts conservatory. It is informally identified as simply “Juilliard,” and trains about 800 undergraduate and graduate students in dance, drama, and music. Juilliard is one of the most prestigious performing arts conservatories in the world.
The school was founded in 1905 as the Institute of Musical Art. It was formed on the premise that the United States did not have a premier music school and too many students were going to Europe to study music. At its formation, the Institute was located at Fifth Avenue and 12th Street. In its first year, the institute enrolled 500 students. It moved in 1910 to Claremont Avenue in Morningside Heights. In 1920, the Juilliard Foundation was created, named after textile merchant Augustus D. Juilliard, who bequeathed a substantial amount for the advancement of music in the United States. In 1924 the foundation purchased the Vanderbilt family guesthouse at 49 East 52nd to start the Juilliard Graduate School. In 1926 it merged with the Institute of Musical Art under a common president, the Columbia University professor John Erskine. The schools had separate deans and identities. The conductor and music-educator Frank Damrosch continued as the Institute’s dean, and the Australian pianist and composer Ernest Hutcheson was appointed dean of the Graduate School. In 1937, Hutcheson succeeded Erskine as president of the combined institutions, a position he held until 1945. As of 1946, the combined schools were named The Juilliard School of Music. The president of the school at that time was William Schuman, the first winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Music. In 1951, the school added a dance division under the direction of Martha Hill.
William Schuman graduated from Columbia’s Teachers College (BS-1935, MA-1937) and attended the Juilliard Summer School in 1932, 1933 and 1936. While attending Juilliard Summer School, he developed a personal distaste for traditional music theory and ear training curricula, finding little value in counterpoint and dictation. Shortly after being selected as president of The Juilliard School of Music in 1945, William Schuman created a new curriculum called “The Literature and Materials of Music” (L&M) designed to be taught by composers. L&M was Schuman’s reaction against more formal theory and ear training, and as a result did not contain a formal structure. The broad mandate was “to give the student an awareness of the dynamic nature of the materials of music.” The quality and depth of each student’s education in harmony, music history or ear training was dependent on how each composer-teacher decided to interpret this mandate. Many questioned the quality of L&M as an approach to teach the fundamentals of music theory, ear training and history.
William Schuman resigned his position as president of Juilliard after being elected president of Lincoln Center in 1962. Peter Mennin, another composer with directorial experience at the Peabody Conservatory, was elected as his successor. Mennin made significant changes to the L&M program—pulling out ear training and music history and hiring the well known pedagogue Renée Longy to teach Solfege. In 1968, Mennin hired John Houseman to lead a new Drama Division, and in 1969 oversaw Juilliard’s move from Claremont Avenue to Lincoln Center and shortened its name to The Juilliard School.
Dr. Joseph Polisi became president of Juilliard in 1984 after Peter Mennin died. Polisi’s many accomplishments include philanthropic successes, broadening of the curriculum and establishment of dormitories for Juilliard’s students. In 2001, the school established a jazz performance training program. In September 2005, Colin Davis conducted an orchestra which combined students from the Juilliard and London’s Royal Academy of Music at the BBC Proms, and in 2008 the Juilliard Orchestra embarked on a highly successful tour of China, performing concerts as part of the Cultural Olympiad in Beijing, Suzhou, and Shanghai under the expert leadership of Maestro Xian Zhang.